In the Donetsk region the state printed sources
of mass information (SMI) are predominant in information sphere.
The general quantity of periodicals subscribed
in the region equals to 1,5 million. 1,2 million
(i.e. 82% of the total number of the subscription) appears
to be the local regional, district, city periodicals. Taking into the account
the newspapers sold as retail, the general daily sale of printed SMI
in the region approaches 2 million issues, 850 thousands of them being social
and political periodicals. The newspapers «Donbass», «Aktsent»,
«Gorod», «Zhizn», «Donetskiye Novosti»,
«Vechernii Donetsk», «Donetskii Kryazh» are the most popular ones,
the main part of their publications touching upon the social and political problems.
The only regional social and political newspaper in Ukrainian
One of the most influential regional periodicals
in spite of its moderate printed run (about 20 thousand copies)
is the newspaper «Salon Dona i Basa».
Printing of newspapers of the local authority organs
equals to 500 thousand copies. The official periodical of the Donetsk Regional
Council and the state administration is the newspaper
Since April 1999 the newspaper
«Gazeta v Gazete» (402 thousand copies) is published under the
aegis of the regional state administration, being a weekly supplement to all the
newspapers of the local regional authority organs. The main trend of this newspaper
is the detailed and systematic reflection of the situation in solving the most
important social and economic problems of the region in the light of the
Decrees of the President of Ukraine and the Cabinet of Ministers, resolutions
of the Head of the regional state administration, etc.
In July 2001 the newspaper «Nash Dom»
began to be published, its founders being the Donetsk city and regional councils.
The events of social, political and cultural life of Donetsk are reflected
on the pages of the newspaper, as well as the activities of the organs
of local self-governance of the city. The newspaper has already found a lot
of adherents among the readers of the city.
The events in the life of the districts
of the Donetsk region are reflected by the newspapers of the districts'
councils Visti Olexandrivshchyny»? «Zarya Pryazoviya»
(Volodarsky district), «Lutch-Inform» (Amvrosievsky district),
«Maryinska Nyva», «Nashe Slovo» (Volnovakhski district),
«Novaya Zhizn» (Starobeshevsky district), «Novaya Nyva» (Telmanovsky
district), «Rodnoye Pryazoviye» (Novoazovsky district),
«Selskaya Nov» (Pershotravnevy district), «Selskii Krai»
The events in the towns of regional significance and
the districts of the same name are reflected on the pages of local
newspapers «Visti» (Sloviyansky district and the town of Sloviyansk),
«Vpered» (Artemovsky district and the town of Artemivsk),
«Znamya Industrii» (Kostyantynivsky district and the town of Kostyantynivka),
«Znamya Pobedy», «Mayak» (Krasnoarmiisky district and the town
of Krasnoarmiisk), «Novyi Shlyakh» (Dobropilsky district and the town
of Dobropillya), «Yasinovatskaya gazeta» (Yasynuvatsky district and the
town of Yasynuvata).
In the towns of regional significance the
following newspapers are published: «Avdeevskii Vestnik»,
«Vestnik Makeevki», «Gornyak» (the town of Torez),
«Dzerzhinskii Shakhter», «Dokutchayevets»,
«Druzhkovskii Rabochii», «Yenakiyevskii Rabochii»,
«Zorya» (the town of Krasnyi Liman),
«Kochegarka» (the town of Gorlivka),
«Kramatorskaya Pravda», «Makeyevskii Rabochii»,
«Moi Gorod» (the town of Debaltsevo), «Nasha Zorya»
(the town of Selidove), «Nashi Gorizonty» (the town of Kirovske),
«Priazovskii Rabochii» (the town of Mariupol),
«Rodina» (the town of Khartsyzsk),
«Rodnoi Gorod» (the town of Dymytrov), «Snezhnyanskaya
Zhyzn», «Sovet» (the town of Slovyansk),
«Tribuna» (the town of Debaltseve).
Among the business weekly the most popular are
«Negotsiant» and «Delo I Pravo». Besides, the ecological newspaper
«Nash Krai» is in great demand.
The problems of legal activities are reflected
in the newspapers «Kriminal-Express» and
«Tyurma I Volya».
The social and political, scientific and production and
analytical and information periodicals, namely, the journals «Vse»,
«Mercurii», «Shid», «Donbass-Invest», occupy the sufficient
place in the informational space of the region. Scientific and higher educational
institutions publish numerous scientific journals, among which there are the following
ones: «Economika Promyslovosti» (Institute of the Economics
of Industry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NAS),
«Economika I Pravo» (Institute of Economic and Legal Researches
of the NAS of Ukraine; Donetsk National Technical University),
«Economichna Kibernetika», «Prykladna Statystyka. Aktualna
ta Finansova Matematyka», «Visnyk Donetskogo Natsionalnogo Universitetu»,
«Istorychni I Politologichni Doslidzhennya» (Donetsk National University),
«Menedger» (Donetsk State Academy of Management), «Iskustvennyi
Intellect» (Donetsk State Institute of Artificial Intelligence),
«Bisnyk Donbaskoyi Derzhavnoyi Akademiyi Budivnytstva ta Architektury»,
«Visnyk Donetskogo Derzhavnogo Universytetu Ekonomiky I Torgovli
im. M. Tugan-Baranovskogo», etc.
Professional and non-commercial public organizations
have their periodicals too. Say, the Fund of Development of Civil Initiatives publishes
the information periodical «Gromadske Suspilstvo», the Regional Center
«Spryyannya» together with the Donetsk Youth Center of Public
Organizations — the one «Oblychchyam do Oblychchya». The information
bulletin «Maibutne Starykh Promyslovykh Regioniv» is published under the aegis
of the Agency of Regional Development «Donbas». In June
2003 publishing of the Chronicle of the Azov — Black Sea Kozaks
Troops «Kozatska Rada» was started.
In the Donetsk region there is a sufficient
quantity of newspapers and journals for entertainment: «Telegid»,
«Telenedelya», «Panorama», «Express», «Zdorovya
semiyi», «Magiya», «Zodiak»,
«Tselitel +», «Molodezh Donbassa», etc.
The sport newspapers «FK Shakhter»,
«Sport Arena», «Ring» are
of great demand.
Recently the new literary periodicals — almanac
«Kalmius» and journals «Rodomysl» and
«Dikoye Pole» — came out. In 2003 publication of the newspaper
«Otrazheniye», the organ of the Donetsk Department of the International
Union of Writers Associations and Interregional Association of the Writers
of Ukraine, was started. This year the jubilee issue of the renewed journal
of the writers of Ukraine «Donbas».
In the Donetsk region the great number of advertisement
periodicals are published: the journals «Vash Kompanion»,
«Blitz-Donbass», «Nash Dom», «Partner»,
«Pod Klyuch», «Srtoitelstvo I Remont», etc.; the newspapers
«Salon Dona I Basa», «Allo», «Assorti»,
«RiO», «Reklamnaya Pravda», etc.
According to the information of the regional state
administration, the organs of local authority are the founders of 11 television and
radio organizations of broadcasting and 8 studios of cable broadcasting.
On March 5, 2001 three television and radio
companies — TRC «Ukraine», «SKET» and
«7×7», which broadcasted on the same channel, united into the one
company. Gennadii Kondaurov, the Head of the TRC «Ukraine» became the Head
of the Media Holding. Now the TRC «Ukraine» has the highest rating among the
regional television companies, covering not only the Donetsk and Lugansk regions, but sufficient
part of other regions of Ukraine, owing to satellite broadcasting and cable
network. The company has its own correspondents« network in Kyev, Lugansk, Kharkiv,
Dnipropetrovsk, other cities. The TRC «Ukraine» broadcasts all football matches
of «Shakhtar» in the framework of the Championship of Ukraine and
all its international matches.
Besides the TRC «Ukraine», there are some more
television companies working in the region: «The 12th Channel»,
a private one, which covers Donetsk and nearby towns; «The 27th Channel» working
on the decimeter frequencies, created on the basis of the state television and
radio company; the Donetsk state teleradiocompany «Region» broadcasting for several
On April 26, 2003 a new television company,
«Kyevskaya Rus», began its activities working on 37 decimeters channel
being received in the entire territory of the region. It is created
on the basis of the TRC «Astra-TB», which during the year
2002 rented one-hour time of broadcasting
on «Novyi Kanal». «Kyevskaya Rus» is orientated towards social
problems, namely, avoiding cruelty and violence, excess of advertisements, etc. and
has 6 hours of broadcasting time daily.
Besides television channels FM radio stations are popular
in the region. Their number varies. At the end of the year 2002 there were
12 of them. «Russkoye Radio» and «Shanson» have the highest